How does Radio New Zealand make its audience research information public?
Audience information on the networks is made available and is updated on this website.
Radio New Zealand has a statutory requirement to report quantitative and qualitative results against designated Charter obligations.
Information relating to audience figures is made available to the public through this website, in the Radio New Zealand Annual Report (also on this website) and to Parliamentary Select Committees.
Radio New Zealand conducts attitudinal research to measure how its services are perceived by listeners and non-listeners. Latest results show:
- Radio New Zealand is highly regarded by the vast majority of New Zealanders, including non-listeners.
- 86% agree that it is important for New Zealand to have a public service radio broadcaster (4% disagree).
- 77% agree that Radio New Zealand provides a valuable service for New Zealanders (5% disagree).
Source: Radio New Zealand Value Indices Research carried out by Colmar Brunton Research among the general public. (Telephone survey conducted among randomly selected respondents in March - April 2013. The survey was fully nationwide with a sample of 1003 people aged 15 years and over.)
Performance against Charter
Radio New Zealand continues to meet the expectations of listeners, presenting programmes that highlight who we are and what interests us as a nation.
|How much do you agree or disagree that the combined services of National and Concert meet Radio New Zealand's requirements to...?||AGREE||NEITHER agree nor disagree||DISAGREE||Don't Know||Total|
|Promote Informed Debate||88%||8%||1%||3%||100%|
|Contribute to the development of an informed society||93%||5%||1%||1%||100%|
|Provide a range of programmes which reflects NZ's cultural diversity||85%||10%||3%||2%||100%|
|Promote and support a sense of national identity||85%||11%||2%||2%||100%|
|Broadcasts programmes of interest to a wide cross-section of New Zealanders||87%||9%||2%||2%||100%|
|Provide fair and balanced information||91%||6%||2%||1%||100%|
|Support NZ music, and other performing arts and artists||80%||14%||1%||5%||100%|
|Balance the need to broadcast programmes of wide appeal whilst also broadcasting programmes of interest to minority audiences||82%||13%||2%||3%||100%|
|Broadcast programmes that are not generally found on other radio stations||87%||8%||1%||4%||100%|
Source: Radio New Zealand Listener Survey, 2012/2013 Financial Year (Nielsen)
Live radio listening and online listening
Live Listening – most recent results
Results from radio audience surveying carried out by Nielsen for Full Year Quarter 4 2013 are shown below. These results relate to listening in New Zealand by people aged 15 years and over, who are randomly selected nationwide.
- Weekly live cumulative audience for Radio New Zealand (National and Concert combined) is 544,000 people.
- Weekly live cumulative audience for Radio New Zealand National is 493,000 or 14% of the 15+ population. National's station share is 10.3%.
- Weekly live cumulative audience for Radio New Zealand Concert is 122,000 or 3% of the 15+ population. Concert's station share is 1.3%.
Definitions: - Cumulative audience is the number of different listeners to a station over a week. Station share is the percentage of all radio listening that is done to a station over a week; it takes into account the number of people listenng and how long they listen.
[Source: The All New Zealand Radio Survey, Nielsen, Full Year Quarter 4 2013, among people aged 15+ nationwide, Monday to Sunday, 12 midnight to 12 midnight.]
The sample size for the survey period is 4,126 people.
See FAQ (below) on how the radio surveying is conducted for Radio New Zealand, and the ways in which it differs from the commercial radio surveys.
While live streaming through the website is captured in the normal 40 week surveys, time-shifted listening such as audio-on-demand or podcasting is not.
Time-shifted listening therefore represents additional listening, above and beyond the live audience figures shown above. Time-shifted listening reaches new audiences for Radio New Zealand, such as New Zealanders living overseas.
Since the launch of the current version of the Radio New Zealand website there has been huge growth in website listening.
Weekly cumulative audience figures for particular programmes on Radio New Zealand National are shown below, and relate to 'live' broadcast listening of people aged 15 years and over. (The figures relate to the Full Year Quarter 4 2013 period).
- Morning Report 355,000
- Nine to Noon with Kathryn Ryan 265,000
- Afternoons with Jim Mora 247,000
- Checkpoint 205,000
- Nights with Bryan Crump 165,000
- Saturday Morning with Kim Hill 231,000
- Sunday Morning with Chris Laidlaw 210,000
Station shares for these programmes in their time periods are shown below. For example, Morning Report, which is broadcast Monday to Friday between 6am and 9am, has a station share of 13.8%.
- Morning Report's station share is 13.8%
- Nine to Noon's station share is 8.6%
- Afternoons with Jim Mora's station share is 8.0%
- Checkpoint's station share is 9.1%
- Nights with Bryan Crump is 9.0%
- Saturday Morning with Kim Hill's station share is 15.3%
- Sunday Morning with Chris Laidlaw's station share is 14.8%.
Radio New Zealand Concert's Classic Morning has a cume audience of 51,000. Cadenza and The Works each have 42,000 listeners, while Composer of the Week has 40,000 listeners.
Definitions: - 'Cumulative audience' is the number of different listeners to a programme over a week. 'Station share' is the percentage of all radio listening that is done during a particular programme time; it takes into account the number of people listening and how long they listen. These audience figures relate to live listening.
[Source: The All New Zealand Radio Survey, Nielsen, Full Year Quarter 4 2013, among people aged 15+ nationwide. The sample size for this period was 4,126 people.]
How do Radio New Zealand National and Radio New Zealand Concert compare to other radio stations?
Of all radio stations in New Zealand, Radio New Zealand National's station share of 10.3% makes it Number One nationwide. Its cumulative audience of 493,000 listeners makes it second among all stations in New Zealand (among people 15+) for audience size.
Of all stations in New Zealand, Radio New Zealand Concert is 14th in terms of its station share and is 14th for cumulative audience size.
[Source: The All New Zealand Radio Survey, Nielsen, Full Year Quarter 4 2013. The surveying is completely nationwide, and includes small towns and rural areas. People are randomly selected. The sample size is 4,126 respondents aged 15 years and over.]
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Why does Radio New Zealand survey its New Zealand audiences?
It is important for Radio New Zealand to know how many people are listening to its networks and how well they think Radio New Zealand performs against its Charter.
Radio New Zealand is a tax-payer funded public service broadcaster established under the Radio New Zealand Act. Radio New Zealand’s Charter clearly defines the objectives to be achieved and services to be provided by the broadcaster. For example in Section 2 of the Charter the company is required to commission surveys to establish whether audiences consider that the quality and quantity of these services is being maintained.
Radio New Zealand meets its statutory obligation by conducting audience research among both its own audience and also among people who are not current listeners.
How are the radio surveys conducted?
Radio New Zealand commissions an independent research company Nielsen to undertake audience research on its behalf. Nielsen is known worldwide for its media measurement (including radio, TV, print, online).
The radio survey it conducts for Radio New Zealand is called The All New Zealand Radio Survey because it is conducted throughout the country, including remote rural areas.
The All New Zealand Radio Survey runs for 40 weeks of the year between February and November and approximately 4000 people take part during that time. The people surveyed reflect the population distribution based on the latest Department of Statistics information.
Respondents complete a Radio Diary in which they record their radio listening in any given quarter hour over the period of a week. They are also asked demographic questions and other questions about their media habits.
In addition, after respondents have completed their radio listening diaries, Radio New Zealand National listeners and Radio New Zealand Concert listeners are asked to fill in a separate questionnaire about these stations.
Much of the resulting information appears in Radio New Zealand’s Annual Report (available on the right hand side of this page).
Is Radio New Zealand part of commercial radio surveys?
Radio New Zealand ceased to be part of the Research International commercial radio survey in 1999 because the survey did not meet all its requirements as a national broadcaster. Since then Radio New Zealand has commissioned its own audience research.Nielsen won the tender in 2007.
Radio New Zealand designs and creates its own qualitative and quantitative survey questions to meet the very specific statutory requirements outlined in the Radio New Zealand Charter.
The commercial radio industry continues to gather information about Radio New Zealand but excludes that audience data from published survey information.
Does Radio New Zealand know how it performs against commercial radio stations?
Yes, Radio New Zealand can measure how it performs against other radio across the country. In the same way, commercial radio stations can measure exactly how they compare with Radio New Zealand in their own markets.
What are the differences between radio industry surveys?
There are significant differences between the commercial radio surveys and the Radio New Zealand radio survey. These differences reflect the differing requirements of the two commissioning bodies.
- Commercial radio surveys are conducted twice a year. For example, this year there was a survey in February/March in three regions and a survey in August/September in 13 regions.
- Radio New Zealand conducts a fully nationwide survey over 40 weeks of the year (February to November).
- Commercial radio stations, by their nature, are interested in markets with the greatest advertising potential. Radio New Zealand is interested in all New Zealanders regardless of where they live.
- Commercial surveys are quantitative (audience numbers only) and usually focus on the 3 main centres or 13 metropolitan and provincial centres. Radio New Zealand’s surveying is nationwide providing both quantitative information (number of listeners) and qualitative information (quality of service and programming).
- Commercial surveys measure audiences 10 years of age and over. Radio New Zealand measures people 15 years of age and over.
- Radio New Zealand believes its own tailored audience research better reflects the requirements of the Charter.
The commercial radio industry excludes Radio New Zealand audience data from published survey information because Radio New Zealand networks are non-commercial and their listeners are not considered part of the market available to potential advertisers.
There are similarities in the way the commercial radio industry and Radio New Zealand collect information. For example both use Radio Diaries based on quarter hour time segments to collect listening behaviour.