Monteverdi’s work combines the styles of the Renaissance and Baroque eras. He wrote some works in the style of Palestrina, but also moved music forward, taking up the bass-driven music of the Baroque.
The critic Artusi used a madrigal by Monteverdi as an example to highlight the ‘crudities’ and ‘license’ being taken in modern music. As Michael Stewart comments:
“Artusi was not only aiming at Monteverdi but railing against the way music seemed to be heading, a reactionary tendency that is by no means limited to the early seventeenth century!”
Image: Portrait of Monteverdi by Bernardo Strozzi