Navigation for These Hopeful Machines

These Hopeful Machines

A six-part series in which James Gardner traces a personal path through the evolving world of electronic music.

Making music with computers

A six-part series in which James Gardner traces a personal path through the evolving world of electronic music – and meets some of the people who made it happen.

James Gardner performing at the Purple Haze club in Brighton in July 1985.
James Gardner performing at the Purple Haze club in Brighton in July 1985.

James Gardner in Los Angeles, 1988.
James Gardner at a soundcheck for Luxuria in the John Anson Ford Amphitheatre, Los Angeles, 27 May 1988. Photo by Norman Fisher-Jones.