16 Jul 2013

Raindrops In The Sun

From These Hopeful Machines, 8:00 pm on 16 July 2013

les paul william gottlieb crop stockhausen cc

Left: Les Paul (Photo: William Gottlieb, Public Domain)
Right: Karlheinz Stockhausen (Photo: Kathinka Pasveer, CC3.0)

New musics rise from the secret projects and surplus junk of World War II.

Pierre Schaeffer and musique concrète – early tape recording: the life-threatening steel wire tapes at the BBC, the German Magnetophon and Bing Crosby’s Ampex – guitarist Les Paul shows some recording chops with his overdubbing techniques – John Cage’s early experiments with sound and recording – Louis and Bebe Barron and their ‘electronic tonalities’ for The Forbidden Planet – the Theremin in the movies: Miklós Rósza, Bernard Herrmann and Dr Samuel Hoffman – electronic keyboards from the 50s: the Solovox, Ondioline and Clavioline – Homer Dudley’s Vocoder – Robert Beyer, Werner Meyer-Eppler and Herbert Eimert set up a studio for elektronische Musik at Cologne Radio – Karlheinz Stockhausen gets to work in Paris with musique concrète but gets disillusioned and moves to Cologne.

These Hopeful Machines - Episode 2

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Written and presented by James Gardner, produced by Tim Dodd and James Gardner for Radio New Zealand.

Scroll down for handy links, a bibliography and the playlist for this episode.

Grateful thanks for help in the production of Episode 2 go to:

Mark Ayres; Mark Brend; Christopher Fox; Ian Helliwell; Adrian Hollay, for being Karlheinz Stockhausen; Martin Iddon; Penny Lomax of the ABC’s The Music Show, for Tristram Cary interview material; Fiona McAlpine; Claudia Meyer-Hesse of the International Music Institute Darmstadt, for the 1956 archival recordings of Stockhausen and Alois Hába; National Public Radio (USA), for the interviews with Bebe Barron and Bob Moog;
Ian Pace; Rula Schaad; Jeff Stadelman; Dave Tompkins, for the Bell Labs vocoder demonstrations.



Pierre Schaeffer (translated by Christine North and John Dack)
In Search of a Concrete Music
University of California Press, 2012

Thom Holmes
Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, Music and Culture (4thedition)
Routledge 2012

Peter Manning
Electronic and Computer Music (Fourth Edition)
Oxford University Press 2013

Martin Iddon
New Music At Darmstadt: Nono, Stockhausen, Cage and Boulez
Cambridge University Press 2013

James Pritchett
The Music of John Cage
Cambridge University Press 1996

David W. Patterson (ed.)
John Cage: Music, Philosophy, and Intention 1933–1950
Routledge 2008

Dave Tompkins
How to Wreck A Nice Beach: The Vocoder from World War II to Hip-Hop: The Machine Speaks
StopSmiling Books/Melville House Publishing 2011

Mark Brend
The Sound Of Tomorrow
Bloomsbury 2012