16 Jul 2013

Raindrops In The Sun

From These Hopeful Machines, 8:00 pm on 16 July 2013

les paul william gottlieb crop These Hopeful Machines - Episode 2

New musics rise from the secret projects and surplus junk of World War II.

Pierre Schaeffer and musique concrète – early tape recording: the life-threatening steel wire tapes at the BBC, the German Magnetophon and Bing Crosby’s Ampex – guitarist Les Paul shows some recording chops with his overdubbing techniques – John Cage’s early experiments with sound and recording – Louis and Bebe Barron and their ‘electronic tonalities’ for The Forbidden Planet – the Theremin in the movies: Miklós Rósza, Bernard Herrmann and Dr Samuel Hoffman – electronic keyboards from the 50s: the Solovox, Ondioline and Clavioline – Homer Dudley’s Vocoder – Robert Beyer, Werner Meyer-Eppler and Herbert Eimert set up a studio for elektronische Musik at Cologne Radio – Karlheinz Stockhausen gets to work in Paris with musique concrète but gets disillusioned and stockhausen ccmoves to Cologne.

Top photo: Les Paul (Photo: William Gottlieb, Public Domain)
Lower photo: Karlheinz Stockhausen (Photo: Kathinka Pasveer, CC3.0)

Explore more of These Hopeful Machines

Written and presented by James Gardner, produced by Tim Dodd and James Gardner for Radio New Zealand.

Scroll down for handy links, a bibliography and the playlist for this episode.

Grateful thanks for help in the production of Episode 2 go to:

Mark Ayres; Mark Brend; Christopher Fox; Ian Helliwell; Adrian Hollay, for being Karlheinz Stockhausen; Martin Iddon; Penny Lomax of the ABC’s The Music Show, for Tristram Cary interview material; Fiona McAlpine; Claudia Meyer-Hesse of the International Music Institute Darmstadt, for the 1956 archival recordings of Stockhausen and Alois Hába; National Public Radio (USA), for the interviews with Bebe Barron and Bob Moog;
Ian Pace; Rula Schaad; Jeff Stadelman; Dave Tompkins, for the Bell Labs vocoder demonstrations.

Links

Bibliography

Pierre Schaeffer (translated by Christine North and John Dack)
In Search of a Concrete Music
University of California Press, 2012
http://www.ucpress.edu/book.php?isbn=9780520265745

Thom Holmes
Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, Music and Culture (4thedition)
Routledge 2012
http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415896368/

Peter Manning
Electronic and Computer Music (Fourth Edition)
Oxford University Press 2013
http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199746392.do

Martin Iddon
New Music At Darmstadt: Nono, Stockhausen, Cage and Boulez
Cambridge University Press 2013
http://www.cambridge.org/nz/academic/subjects/music/twentieth-century-and-contemporary-music/new-music-darmstadt-nono-stockhausen-cage-and-boulez

James Pritchett
The Music of John Cage
Cambridge University Press 1996
http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/music/twentieth-century-and-contemporary-music/music-john-cage

David W. Patterson (ed.)
John Cage: Music, Philosophy, and Intention 1933–1950
Routledge 2008
http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415996679/

Dave Tompkins
How to Wreck A Nice Beach: The Vocoder from World War II to Hip-Hop: The Machine Speaks
StopSmiling Books/Melville House Publishing 2011
http://howtowreckanicebeach.com/?page_id=14

Mark Brend
The Sound Of Tomorrow
Bloomsbury 2012
http://minutebook.co.uk/sound-of-tomorrow/