Human rights activists say they reject the U.S. description of an Indonesian man accused of murdering two American schoolteachers as a separatist rebel.
The United States has indicted Anthonius Wamang, charging him in connection with the 2002 attack, which left two teachers dead and eight others seriously wounded in the Indonesian province of West Papua.
All were employees of the US Freeport Mine operating in the area.
Wamang is still at large in Papua and could face the death penalty if convicted.
The FBI says Wamang is believed to be a member of the Free Papua Movement separatist group.
However, John Rumbiak, a Papuan human rights activist living in Sydney, says Wamang has known links to the Indonesian military.
Activists believe the military were involved the attack after a dispute with the mining company.