A study by aid and human rights groups has linked gang membership and gun ownership in Papua New Guinea with violence against women there.
The report released by Amnesty International and Oxfam notes women in PNG are frequently the victims of armed crime, including sexual assault, perpetrated by members of armed gangs.
The study says with unemployment between 60 and 90 per cent, armed gangs provide employment to young men.
The report quotes a gang member in Papua New Guinea as saying, "My job is crime... I have bought my house from the money I made from robberies. I respect crime. It looks after me."
The authors say a woman is unlikely to report a gun to police if her partner is a gang member owing to fear of retribution.