The joint chief executive of Papua New Guinea's main superannuation fund, NASFUND, says there's a need for greater accountability from the country's leaders to ensure there's progress on the Millennium Development Goals.
PNG will struggle to meet the goals by 2015 and Rod Mitchell says this is a reflection of poor leadership.
He says it makes little sense that there've been few advances in sectors such as law and order and education, despite the years of economic growth.
Mr Mitchell says what's needed is a mindset change to encourage people in leadership positions to take individual ownership and responsibility for a problem.
But he says it's not obvious how that might be done.
"It's something that has to be continually worked on, something I was discussing at the university forum the other day, about trying to get greater involvement, and greater accountability right throughout the bureaucracy, ensuring that people are held to account for delivery of services. All these sorts of issues are very complex in a Melanesian context."