An anti-corruption watchdog in Papua New Guinea says membership of a UN treaty battling corruption hasn't achieved much so far.
The local chairman of Transparency International, Lawrence Stephens, says PNG is still amongst the saddest cases of countries viewed as corrupt, despite being the first Pacific Island state to sign the United Nations Convention against Corruption four years ago.
Vanuatu has just become the fourth to do so.
Mr Stephens says cabinet still needs to approve a national corruption strategy based on the convention.
"At least we have something to aim for. We have committed ourselves as a country to it. Now each time we appear in international meetings there'll be questions raised as to how we're going with it. This again puts pressure on the whole country to respond so in that way it's good."
Mr Stephens says PNG is due to make a self assessment of its compliance with the treaty this year and that could mean a few embarrassed faces.