The Indonesian government has been called on to set up a body to oversee political and economic development in the Papua region to stem a rising tide of violence there.
An advisor with the International Crisis Group, Sidney Jones, says it's crucial that the Unit for the Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua, which was first proposed in the middle of last year, finally be realised.
She says it's not a guarantee the situation will get better, but it will certainly get worse without a new approach from the central government.
A report on the conflict in Papua, which was released by the ICG on Monday, argues that current efforts to create a peaceful resolution are ineffective.
It says the situation on the ground, particularly in the highland district of Puncak Jaya, remains fraught with conflict.
The report said the current policy of pumping more money and security forces into the province isn't the solution.