Dogs bred to have short, wide heads – such as pugs and French and British bulldogs – are prone to serious health complications. Given the lives these dogs lead, Is it ethical to breed and own them?
Breathing difficulties, skin and eye conditions and digestive disorders result in these dogs having a reduced life expectancy of four years.
Paul Brennan talks with Dr Ian Robertson about the pug life.
Ian Robertson is a former veterinarian and director of the Animal Law Consultancy Group.