Our Changing World
Thursday 13 October 2011, with Alison Ballance, Ruth Beran & Veronika Meduna
9:06 pm Thursday 20 June: Our Changing World
In a world first, a New Zealand vision scientist has discovered that playing Tetris under controlled conditions may be a cure for lazy eye in both children and adults. While some might query whether a video-game played close up is good for eyesight, Ben Thompson from the University of Auckland has proven otherwise, with the popular tile-matching game helping to train both eyes to work together. Lisa Thompson spoke with Ben and trial participant Jane Brock, who is seeing improvements in her vision first-hand.
At GNS, ion beams are being used to force atoms into solid materials and change their properties, for example making them harder, or more compatible with the human body. Ruth Beran meets John Futter to see some of the projects he is working on.
Since kaka were introduced to the fenced sanctuary Zealandia in 2002 they have grown in numbers to more than 200, and have become a regular sight in parks and gardens in central Wellington. Kerry Charles has just completed her Masters degree at Victoria University, investigating the damage kaka are inflicting on some urban trees, and Alison Ballance joins her in the Botanic Gardens to find out more.
Dillon Mayhew from Victoria University explains how the mathematics of codes and ciphers allows us to transmit volumes of information accurately and securely electronically around the world.
On This Programme
Robots at the Fuel Pump
The fuel robot and friends, from left to right, Andrew Lewis, Chris Hann, Julian Pipe, Kirstin Middelkoop, Jermin Tiu, Duncan Scott and Samuel Sanson (image: V Meduna)
A group of University of Canterbury mechatronics students, pictured above with their supervisor Chris Hann, have designed a prototype for a robot that can refuel a car at the push of a button, allowing drivers to control everything from inside their car. There have been some trials of automated fuel pumps in Europe, but this six-jointed industrial robotic arm can be fitted to an existing pump. This video was produced by the group to demonstrate how the robot goes about its job.
Torrefaction and Energy-Dense Wood
George Escourt, with samples of woody biomass - the light brown chips in the middle have been through the torrefaction process (image: A. Ballance)
Torrefaction is a form of pyrolysis, which involves heating wood in the absence of oxygen. This effectively ‘dries’ the wood and then changes its structure to make it more energy-dense, creating a fuel that is more equivalent to coal, and could be used alongside coal in facilities such as coal-fired power stations. George Escourt from Scion in Rotorua has been working at a lab bench scale to torrefy waste Pinus radiata, to work out which combination of heat and time produces what kind of end result. Alison Ballance meets him in the lab to find out more.
Sex Lives of Praying Mantises
Greg Holwell holding a y-tube olfactometer, which was used to determine which female praying mantises were most attractive to a male native praying mantis (image: A. Ballance)
University of Auckland entomologist Greg Holwell is passionate about praying mantises, even though there are only two species in New Zealand for him to work on – a native species and a recently introduced South African species, which is sometimes referred to as the ‘springbok mantis’. He tells Alison Ballance how to identify the two species, and then regales her with tales of sexual cannabilism and fatal attractions – fatal, that is, for male New Zealand praying mantises.
The Spartina Grass Problem – Web-Only Feature
Donald Strong is a professor in the Section of Ecology and Evolution at the University of California, Davis, USA. He was in New Zealand recently as a guest speaker at the annual conference of the New Zealand Ecological Society, held in Rotorua. He spoke about the invasive coastal weed spartina, which has been a problem in some parts of New Zealand, and is also a major problem along the coasts of the United States and China. He talks with Alison Ballance about its ecology and its ability to hybridise, explains why it was introduced and why it becomes a problem. He also mentions that ground-breaking work in New Zealand using herbicides to control spartina, which is a total control plant pest in some regions, has now been adopted in other countries.
I’m Able chief executive Sunil Vather holding an Able-X device
Of the estimated 45,000 stroke survivors in New Zealand, many are disabled. Often stroke will affect one side of the body, and a device called Able-X, has been designed here in New Zealand, to help people exercise their disabled arm, particularly after having a stroke.
IRL engineer Marcus King designed Able-X and Ruth Beran meets him at Te Papa Tongarewa, along with Sunil Vather, the chief executive of the company I’m Able that is commercialising the device. Stroke survivor Leslie Austin also explains why he uses the device in his home, and how much fun it is to use.
To see a video on what Marcus King's Assistive Devices Team at IRL are planning next, click here.
Buddleia biocontrol, giant channels - the chink in bacterias’ armour, electro-chemistry, and natural history photographer Rod Morris on wildlife on the Denniston Plateau..
Audio from Thursday 13 October 2011
Not all audio is available due to copyright restrictions.
Robotic Assistant ( 12′ 14″ )
21:06 University of Canterbury mechatronics students have built a robotic petrol station assistant
Torrefaction ( 14′ 35″ )
21:20 Scion has been investiaging how torrefaction might work with waste pine to make it more energy dense
Sex Lives of Praying Mantises ( 9′ 39″ )
21:34 It's a battle of the sexes for praying mantises in New Zealand, and the introduced females are proving fatal to native males
Spartina Grass - Web Feature ( 12′ 16″ )
21:40 Spartina grass is an invasive coastal weed in many places around the world, and Donald Strong explains why it is such a problem
Able-X ( 15′ 46″ )
21:46 A computer game device called Able-X is helping people with arm disabilities do exercises in their own home