This Way Up

Saturday 24 January 2015, with Simon Morton

NZ Radio Awards 2012 winner: Best Daily or Weekly Series (one hour or more duration)

Naked Science: snails and scrolls

Dr Chris Smith with news of a discovery that the most deadly creature on the planet uses insulin as a weapon of mass destruction. Also scientists use technology to uncover the secrets contained in 2,000 year old scorched scrolls.


Tags:   science

Why does rain smell good?

Rain

There's nothing quite the like the smell of rain on earth, and now scientists think they've discovered the secret of what makes it smell so good.

Using super slow motion cameras, a team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology studied how raindrops behave when they hit various porous surfaces. They observed an 'aerosol effect' with the raindrops releasing tiny droplets of liquid that quickly evaporate to disperse an aroma.

An assistant professor of mechanical engineering at MIT, Cullen R. Buie, told This Way Up's Simon Morton that although it's a well known phenomenon, nobody has really studied it before. "The speed of the rainfall, the type of soil, all of these things have an effect on this phenomenon", he said.

Future work aims to look at the process from a slightly different perspective, to see how effectively it transports not just smells but also bacteria and viruses into the sky. "This could be a mechanism that leads to the transfer of chemicals and biological species form the soil to the air."


Rainfall can release aerosols
Aerosol generation after drop impingement on porous media is a three-step process, consisting of bubble formation, bubble growth, and bubble bursting. Image courtesy of Youngsoo Joung.

Tags:   science rain smell

Tech Uber, P2P lending and space

Tech news with Peter Griffin; Uber the taxi app, peer-to-peer lending, and why Google has invested a billion dollars in space exploration.


Seeing with Sound

Seeing with sound
Spectrogram of a one second soundscape that was generated by The vOICe. Image by Peter Meijer..

Peter Meijer's vOICe takes images captured by a camera in a visor and translates these into sounds played to the user via headphones.


IVF Babies

Professor Daniel Brison is conducting a study looking at IVF babies to assess their long term health compared to naturally conceived babies.


Birds: kakariki

Kakariki
Image: Sabine's Sunbirds (CC BY-SA 3.0)

The kakariki, or New Zealand parakeet, with Hugh Robertson.


Read and Ride

Read and Ride
Image courtesy of Read and Ride, © Jay Sinclair.

Whatever science says about the benefits of standing over sitting, the average school day still revolves around pupils spending lots of time sat on their bottoms.

Now, some schools are wondering if there could be a better way and have started using everything from Swiss balls to standing desks to get school children moving around and more active.

That's the idea behind Read and Ride, a reading programme that encourages children to sit and pedal on pre-loved, unused exercise bikes while they read.

Scott Ertl is a school counsellor based in North Carolina who's also the national Program Coordinator for the Read and Ride program. He told This Way Up's Simon Morton that, in addition to the health benefits of moving around more, he's convinced that reading skills and learning improves when they become more active.


New kettle

Designer Nils Chudy's Miito kettle can boil exactly as much water as you need so no more wasted power.


Quick hits
12:15   Naked Science: snails and scrolls
12:20   Rain smell  
12:30   Tech news
12:50   Seeing with sound
13:10   IVF Babies   
13:30   Birds: Kakariki
13:40   Read and ride  
13:50   New kettle

The small print:  First up this week, Dr Chris Smith with the latest science news; a discovery of how the most deadly creature on the planet uses insulin as a weapon of mass destruction. Also scientists use technology to read 2,000 year old scorched scrolls buried near Mount Vesuvius.

Then at 12.20pm the smell of rain, have you noticed how good it can smell sometimes? Now high speed cameras have unlocked the secrets of this pleasant odour.

At 12:30pm tech news with Peter Griffin, and some disruptive technologies; from Uber the taxi app, to peer-to-peer lending, and why Google has invested a billion dollars into space exploration.

And before the 1pm news, using sound to see. The vOICe takes images captured by a camera in a visor and translates these into sounds played to the user via some headphones. It's proving as effective as invasive surgery such as a retinal implants.

After the 1pm news, in vitro fertilisation, fertilising eggs in the lab better known as IVF has revolutionised fertility treatment and brought millions of babies into the world. We're speaking to a scientist looking at its long term health consequences.

At 1:30pm the kakariki or NZ parakeet; we find a red-crowned one with Hugh Robertson.

Then at 1:40pm a neat way of using those old exercise bikes that lurk around unused and unloved in people's garages and basements, put them in the classroom and get kids pedalling while they read! The man behind it swears it can improve learning.

And before we go, designing a new kettle that only boils as much water as you need so no more wasted power!   

We're playing these tracks too...
Artist:  AHoriBuzz featuring Tali
Track: Providence
Composer:Aaron Tokona
Broadcast:12:45

Artist:  Mark Ronson featuring Jeff Bhasker
Track:In Case of Fire
Composer:Mark Ronson, Jeff Bhasker, Chabon, Movshon, Greenwald, Wainwright
Album: Uptown Special
Label: COLUMBIA 505310
Broadcast:13:25

Artist:   Aluna George
Track:   Attracting Flies
Composers:   Aluna Francis & George Reid
Album:   Body Music
Label:   ISLAND RECORDS
Broadcast:   13:50

And our theme music is:

Artist: Jefferson Belt
Track: The Green Termite
Composer: Jefferson Belt
Album: Table Manners
Label: Round Trip Mar