European shares closed lower on Tuesday in response to disappointing economic data in the United States.
The pan-European FTSEurofirst 300 index of top shares closed down 1.3% at 932.22 points, falling for the second day in a row after reaching its highest close in more than nine months on Friday.
Banks fell the most: HSBC, Lloyds Banking Group, Barclays and Deutsche Bank were down 2.1% - 7.1%.
Commodity stocks were lower as crude fell 2.1% and copper slipped 0.8%. Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton dropped 1.6% and 1.5%, respectively.
In Frankfurt, the DAX index ended at 5285.81 points, down 132.31 or 2.44%.
In Paris, the CAC-40 index closed at 3456.18 points, down 48.36 or 1.38%. The Swiss market index closed at 5949.98 points, down 57.57 or 0.96%.
In London, the FTSE 100 index was 50.86 points lower, 1.1% at 4,671.34.
In Tokyo, the Nikkei rose 0.6% or 61.20 points to 10,585.46, its highest finish since 3 October.
In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng Index finished up 144.69 points at 21,074.21, ending above the 21,000-point level for the first time since September 2008.
In Australia, the S&P/ASX 200 index ended up 27.9 points, 0.65%, at 4,332.0. The All Ordinaries index gained 25.2 points, or 0.58%, to 4334.4 points.
In New Zealand, the NZX 50 index closed down 25 points, nearly 1%, at 3055 on turnover of $75 million
The dollar was trading at 67.39 US cents, 80.85 Australian cents, 40.89 pence, 65.09 yen and 0.4764 euro. The Trade Weighted Index was at 63.06.