A report into New Zealand Rugby League has found there must be change if the sport is to survive.
An independent review ordered by Sport and Recreation New Zealand issued is findings on Monday.
The report found that there was no shared vision for the game nationally and no meaningful strategic plan.
New Zealand Rugby League has accumulated losses of $2.2 million and has no cash reserves. It has also lost support from key funding and sponsorship partners.
The review committee, chaired by Sir John Anderson, also found that four reviews undertaken since 2002 identified that significant changes were required, but that many of the recommendations were apparently not implemented by the board responsible at the time.
The review committee says that with significant governance and structural changes, the sport will be reduced to a localised social game.