Three private training institutions in Auckland have been caught breaching print copyright, during a nationwide crackdown.
Auckland Goldstar Institute, Prime International College and Sheffield Language School were found to be copying extensive extracts from textbooks and selling them to students.
The actions are illegal without an appropriate licence.
The institutions have received letters from lawyers acting for the print copyright watchdog, Copyright Licensing Limited.
Chief executive Kathy Sheat says educational institutions need to make copyright awareness and compliance a priority.