The Polish Formula One driver Robert Kubica has had a successful final surgery before beginning a full rehabilitation programme after his life-threatening rally accident in February.
His Renault team confirmed the final scheduled operation on his right elbow had been carried out in Italy and had gone well.
The surgeons described the outcome of the operation as a "total success".
Renault say Kubica had been in good spirits when he emerged from the anaesthetic adding that as soon as he opened his eyes, he asked for the results of this morning's Belgium Grand Prix, won by Red Bull's Sebastian Vettel.
Kubica will now rest in hospital before resuming his rehabilitation and training programme.
The Pole has missed all the season so far and is unlikely to return before the end of it.
His immediate replacement Nick Heidfeld was dropped before the Belgian Grand Prix and replaced by Brazilian Bruno Senna, who finished 13th.
Renault's other driver, Russian Vitaly Petrov, was ninth.