Vietnam has jailed three bloggers accused of spreading anti-government propaganda, in a case criticised by human rights groups.
The high-profile but brief trial took place in Ho Chi Minh City under heavy security, reports say.
The trio were given jail sentences of between four and 12 years.
They were accused of posting political articles on a banned website called Free Journalists' Club, as well as articles critical of the government on their own blogs, the BBC reports.
Nguyen Van Hai, who uses the pen name Dieu Cay, received the longest sentence of 12 years.
Former policewoman Ta Phong Tan, who also wrote a blog called Justice and Truth, was sent to jail for 10 years. In July, her mother died after setting herself on fire in front of a government office, reports the BBC.
The third dissident writer, Phan Thanh Hai, was jailed for four years.