A white South African teenager who killed four black people, including a three-month-old baby, in a racially-motivated attack has been sentenced to 169 years in prison.
Johan Nel, 19, pleaded guilty to murder and attempted murder over the January shootings in a shantytown in North West province.
The prison terms handed down for the individual charges will run concurrently.
One of the survivors of the attack, in which 11 people were also wounded, testified that Nel had shouted racial insults as he opened fire on residents.
His lawyer argued the shooting was spurred by Nel's anger over the murders of white farmers since the end of apartheid in 1994, and fears that his family could face the same fate.