Russia's lower house of parliament, the State Duma, has approved a complete ban on drink-driving.
The measure is expected be approved in the upper house and become law.
President Dmitry Medvedev called for the ban last December.
Alcohol is blamed for many traffic accidents in Russia, but opponents of a total ban say that more often poor roads are to blame.
The BBC reports that heavy drinking is seen as one of the main reasons why one in three Russian men dies before retirement age.