Indonesia has issued import permits allowing 180,000 head of cattle to come from Australia after a ban on live trade was lifted this week.
A visit by Foreign Affairs Minister Kevin Rudd has given Indonesia a chance to ask that in the future, it be given much more warning before any bans are put in place.
Live trade was suspended last month after graphic footage of animals being mistreated in Indonesian abattoirs was shown by ABC TV.
It was lifted on Wednesday after Federal Agriculture Minister Joe Ludwig said new animal welfare measures were in place to ensure animals are slaughtered humanely.
The ABC reports Australian cattle exporters will now be able to resume the trade by applying for an export permit after proving livestock can be traced through the supply chain to an Indonesian abattoir that meets international guidelines.
Mr Rudd held a private meeting with Indonesian officials on Friday to discuss the resumption of the trade.
Indonesia says it already has the right laws on animal welfare, but will be auditing abattoirs and enforcing standards.
Mr Rudd says Indonesia will link animal welfare standards to the import permits.