South Australia has celebrated the 175th anniversary of its proclamation as a British colony.
In July 1836, Captain John Hindmarsh left England with his family and 160 settlers on the HMS Buffalo bound for southern Australia. Five months later, the ship anchored in Holdfast Bay.
After going ashore, Hindmarsh proclaimed the establishment of the colony beneath a gum tree.
Hindmarsh later became the colony's first governor. He was knighted in 1851.
The ABC reports Proclamation Day was marked by about 600 people at Glenelg.
The Buffalo continued in service as a cargo ship afterwards but was wrecked during a storm in Mercury Bay, off the coast of the North Island of New Zealand, in 1840.