Public prosecutors from the Pacific meeting in Fiji have been warned of the difficulties of bringing identity fraudsters to account.
An Australian Commonwealth prosecution official, June Phillips, says the days of someone taking a long time slaving in a backroom to make a passport, are long gone.
Mrs Phillips says Pacific Island states are vulnerable because internet fraud is growing and can take place anywhere.
"The fact that you have this trans-jurisdictional element, the offer may be made from anywhere in the world, and the investor who's defrauded could be in Fiji."
Mrs Phillips says the problem is expensive to police because of the legal difficulties presented when one country wants access to records of internet activity in another country.