A major review of the Cook Islands police force has identified poor leadership and management as major concerns.
A final report from the review also says the force is lacking in support and resources, and that law enforcement legislation needs updating.
The review was led by former New Zealand police commissioner Rob Robinson.
He says poor financial management was causing significant problems.
"The finances of the police have not been in such a condition that you could properly assess whether they have got enough money and, as a result of that, whether they've actually go enough staff to do the job."
Mr Robinson says financial reforms now underway should improve the situation.