A new text book with a focus on limiting the spread of HIV/AIDS is being handed out to schools throughout Papua New Guinea this month.
A total of 180,000 books have been bought by the Education Department with help from AUSAID, in an effort to build knowledge and protect young people from HIV.
HIV education advisor with AUSAID, Richard Jones, says he hopes improved attitudes will come once the children are better informed by material in the book.
"I think it will go some way towards improving knowledge around HIV. Changing attitudes is a much, much harder thing, but the knowledge is an important part of it and making sure that the young people have access to accurate information about HIV, and safe sex, and antiretroviral therapy, and voluntary counselling and testing is all very, very important."
Mr Jones says questions about HIV will be included in this years national exams which will give the Education Department a good idea about how much the children have learnt.