Indonesian civil society figures say mediators must be involved in any talks between the central government and Papuan representatives on how to resolve ongoing conflict in the easternmost region.
The Jakarta Post reports that Adriana Elisabeth of the Indonesia Science Institute has pinpointed four major unresolved problems in Papua.
These are that Papuans have been marginalised in the development process; they had suffered unfairness as a result of development; they've never been given clear political status and many human rights violations had gone unnoticed.
Ms Elisabeth says there is a need to create a mutual trust to end the huge rift between the central government and Papuans in finding the best future for Papuans.
Al Araf of human rights watchdog Imparsial stressed that mediators should be trustworthy, independent, firm and accommodating.
He suggested former vice president Jusuf Kalla and former president of Finland Martti Ahtisaari, as they were both considered successful in ending the bloody Aceh conflicts peacefully.