A specialist in land and governance issues in Vanuatu says restricting the leasing of land to customary determination could be one of the most effective pillars of land reform.
Siobhan McDonnell of the Australian National University recently worked as a Land Law advisor to Vanuatu's Attorney General.
She has stressed the importance of land reforms expected to be considered by Vanuatu's new parliament.
One of the reforms is to move the power for land dispute resolution to customary systems outside of the formal court system
Ms McDonnell says one of the biggest problems in Vanuatu is identifying the right landowner group is involved in the lease.
"At the moment in Vanuatu, there's very little scrutiny of that. So you have chiefs from separate islands who are leasing land on other islands. You have chiefs from the other side of the island leasing land belonging to another group of people. And there's very little internal scrutiny to make sure that the right landowner custom group is involved in the negotiation process."
Siobhan McDonnell of the Australian National University