The exodus of people across the Tasman is continuing.
Official figures show departures exceed arrivals, with a seasonally-adjusted net loss of 340 people in August, the second successive monthly fall.
On an annual basis, departures exceeded arrivals by 4118.
A record net 40,000 people headed to Australia, and ANZ senior economist Mark Smith says they're being drawn by a stronger labour market, particularly in the mining sector.
"Though, of late, there is increasingly a two-speed Australian economy," he says.
Separately, the number of visitors rose 1.4% in August, led by travellers from China and Australia.
For the year, tourist numbers rose 5% to 2.64 million, which was mainly due to the influx of people for the Rugby World Cup last year.