The Reserve Bank believes its decision to exempt loans to build new houses from its lending restrictions will benefit first-home buyers more than investors.
That's despite the purpose of the exemption being to ensure the restrictions don't impede the building of new houses, rather than to help first-home buyers.
Since 1 October, only 10% of banks' mortgage lending is to customers with a deposit of less than 20%. The exemption for mortgages which finance the building of new houses will be backdated to 1 October.
Reserve Bank deputy governor Grant Spencer said the exemption could mean the construction of up to 200 houses a month which would not otherwise be built.
The bank believed low-deposit lending was behind up to 12% of building activity, or about 200 of the 1700 building consents issued each months.
"In terms of low-deposit lending, pretty clearly there's a greater share of that from first-home buyers relative to investors," Mr Spencer said.
"So the exemption obviously will tend to assist first-home buyers more than investors."
The exemption would help support the supply of new housing, and that would help reduce some of the pressure arising from excess demand for housing.