The Australian cricketers made 466 all out in their first innings of the first Test in Johannesburg.
At stumps on the second day South Africa are 85 for three.
Mitchell Johnson and Marcus North set four records on the day.
The highest eighth-wicket partnership for Australia vs South Africa of 117 came with North's 117 and Johnson's 96 not out, and North was the first Australian to make a century on debut against South Africa and well as the 18th to make a ton on debut.
Johnson also scored the most runs by an Australian batsman in one over, taking 26 off the bowling of Paul Harris.
The world record is 28 by Brian Lara for West Indies v South Africa's Robin Peterson at Johannesburg in the 2003-04 season.