Australia's elite cricketers are now officially unemployed.
The Australian cricket board confirmed there had been no eleventh hour breakthrough in a bitter pay dispute with the players' union, leaving more than 200 leading cricketers uncontracted and the fate of future tournaments in limbo.
Cricket Australia (CA) said the union had refused to negotiate, leaving no chance for a new collective bargaining agreement to be struck before the midnight deadline last night.
"Cricket Australia today acknowledged that a new Memorandum of Understanding will not be agreed before 1 July and repeated its call for the Australian Cricketers' Association to come to the negotiating table and show genuine flexibility in the best interests of the players and the game," the board said in a statement.
The players' association has blamed Cricket Australia's insistence on altering a 20-year-old revenue-share model for the breakdown in talks and has refused to deal with the board's lead negotiator.
The union called on Cricket Australia CEO James Sutherland to come to the negotiating table this week but the long-serving executive has kept silent since he emailed players in May, informing them they would be "unemployed" if they failed to agree to a new MoU by the 30 June deadline.
Australia's reputation in the sporting community has been tarnished and it was an unfair situation for the broadcasters, the union said.
"Refusing offers of flexibility and to attend mediation says a lot," Australian Cricketers' Association president Greg Dyer said in a statement. "As does the refusal of the CA CEO to be involved.
"It says they weren't fair dinkum. It's been a case of divide and rule from the start and when that failed the threats started and haven't stopped.
"All of which has failed."
Cricket Australia improved its offer to players last week, promising more cricketers a share in profits, but the union, which is refusing to budge from its demand for a share of overall revenues, quickly rejected it.
The cricket board has said the revenue-share model is unfit for modern times and is starving funding of grass-roots cricket, while players say it has underpinned the game's growth and prosperity over the past 20 years.
About 230 players would be uncontracted by Saturday but around 70 would still be tethered to state contracts, local media have reported, and would be expected to train and play.
The lockout could potentially scupper next month's Australia A tour to South Africa, which includes a number of prominent test players, including batsmen Usman Khawaja and Glenn Maxwell.
The Australian Cricketers' Association said that players would meet on Sunday in an emergency executive meeting to decide the road ahead, including whether they might boycott the tour of South Africa which starts with a four-day match on 12 July.
"Given CA's negotiation strategy from day one of these negotiations, we have made plans for this possibility," union chief executive Alistair Nicholson said.
"We are ready to roll-out support to the players who need it. We have set aside funds to help players who need to pay their bills.
"And The Cricketers' Brand will now be sourcing sponsorships as well."
Further tournaments, including a two-test tour of Bangladesh, and a one-day international series in India, also remain in doubt.