Basil D'Oliveira, the South Africa-born cricket all-rounder whose selection in an England team to visit his native land changed the course of history, has died at the age of 80 after a long battle against Parkinson's disease.
D'Oliveira emigrated to England with the help of the renowned commentator and writer John Arlott after he was denied the chance to represent his own country by the white-ruled republic's apartheid polices because he was classified as mixed race.
A strong, handsome and dignified man who was already 28 when he arrived in England in 1960, D'Oliveira initially struggled in the alien climate and green pitches he encountered during his early days in the central Lancashire league.
Through sheer determination, adaptability and outstanding natural ability, D'Oliveira mastered league cricket and was signed by county side Worcestershire in 1964.
At a time when England had an abundance of talented batsmen, D'Oliveira was still able to force his way into the national team for the 1966 series against the all-conquering West Indies and was an immediate success against the best attack in the world.
He commanded a regular England place for the next two seasons but, after an indifferent tour of West Indies, he was dropped from the England side following the first Test against Australia in 1968 despite top-scoring with an unbeaten 87 in the second innings.
Injuries to three players resulted in a call-up for the final Test, where D'Oliveira made 158 in a match which England dramatically won in the final minutes to level the series.
On the following day, D'Oliveira was left out of the 16-man party for the tour of South Africa, sparking an uproar throughout England. However, he received a call-up almost three weeks later when medium-pacer Tom Cartwright withdrew through injury.
South African Prime Minister John Vorster, who had already unofficially warned the English cricketing authorities that he would not accept a team including D'Oliveira, condemned the side as a team of "the anti-apartheid movement" and the tour was called off.
No official cricket side thereafter toured South Africa until apartheid was abolished following the release of Nelson Mandela from prison in 1990.
D'Oliveira, whose behaviour was impeccable throughout the furore, continued to represent his adopted country with distinction up to the end of the 1972 Ashes series, averaging a highly creditable 40.06 with the bat in 44 Tests and taking 47 wickets with his medium pace.