The three wānanga all made surpluses last year and increased their enrolments, with one doing so by nearly 40 percent, annual reports show.
The 2016 reports show the three Māori tertiary institutions had more than 25,000 full-time students between them last year.
The largest of the institutions, Te Wānanga o Aotearoa, had 20,242 full-time equivalent students, 250 more than in 2015, and made a surplus of $2.6 million.
Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiarangi, which is based in Whakatane with campuses in Auckland and Northland, recorded a $2.8m surplus last year.
Its annual report said the institution had 3252 full-time students in 2016, nearly 900 more than the previous year.
Acting chief executive Evie O'Brien said the growth was largely due to the launch of 19 new courses and a new campus in South Auckland, where enrolments leapt from 100 to 600 full-time students.
"Previously we were co-located at Unitec but we didn't have an identity and probably Point Chevalier is not the best area for a wānanga to be located," she said.
"So we moved to South Auckland - better location, better premises and a new programme suite - and we've seen a significant increase in enrolments."
Ms O'Brien said enrolments had increased in most of Awanuiarangi's programmes, but especially in new marae-based courses and a horticulture programme.
The smallest of the wānanga, Raukawa, which is based in Otaki, also grew, enrolling 1600 full-time equivalent students and making a surplus of $4.4m.