Thousands of protesters have taken to the streets of Hong Kong to demand the scrapping of Chinese patriotism lessons for school children.
Local media report, 40,000 people gathered outside government headquarters, a day before schools can voluntarily introduce the subject.
Critics say the lessons, which will be compulsory by 2016, are an attempt to brainwash children with Chinese propaganda.
The ABC reports that in July, up to 90,000 people took to the streets to protest against the lessons.
The demonstrators say the communist party doesn't teach children everything about modern history, and Hong Kong's semi-autonomous status should be respected.
Local media say most schools plan not to introduce patriotism lessons this year.