Australia's Academy of Science says an Australian government draft plan to protect the Great Barrier Reef will not prevent its decline.
The group said the Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan failed to address key pressures on the reef including climate change and coastal development, the BBC reports.
Much bolder action was needed, said Academy Fellow Professor Terry Hughes.
"The science is clear, the reef is degraded and its condition is worsening," said Professor Hughes.
"This is a plan that won't restore the reef, it won't even maintain it in its already diminished state," he said in a statement released on Tuesday.
"It is also more than disappointing to see that the biggest threat to the reef - climate change - is virtually ignored in this plan."
Public submissions on the draft plan - an overarching framework for protecting and managing the reef from 2015 to 2050 - closed on Monday.
The plan will eventually be submitted to the World Heritage Centre in late January, for consideration by Unesco's World Heritage Committee mid-next year. Unesco has threatened to place the reef on its List of World Heritage in Danger.
According to scientists, another major threat to the reef's health is continual expansion of coal ports along the Queensland coast.
In a controversial move earlier this year, the Australian government approved a plan to dredge a port at Abbot Point in Queensland, and dump thousands of tonnes of sediment in the sea.
Professor Hughes is one of the authors of a submission by the Academy to the Australian and Queensland governments.
The scientists argue the plan fails to effectively address major factors driving the reef's decline, including climate change, poor water quality, coastal development and fishing.
But a press release from the office of Australian Environment Minister Greg Hunt said the plan was based on the "best available science".
"We have a clear plan and a strong commitment to ensure the reef is healthy and resilient - and we are making strong progress," Mr Hunt said