Hundreds of residents of Venice have staged a protest against the depopulation of the Italian city, which they blame on tourism.
They say they are being forced out by high rents, housing shortages and a surge in the number of apartments being rented to visitors at inflated prices.
The city's population recently dipped below 55,000 - down from nearly 200,000 at the end of the Second World War.
Venetians have long complained that food shopping and other daily errands were increasingly tricky as the city focused on the needs of the more than 20 million tourists estimated to visit every year.
"This is not a protest against tourism, it's a protest against the policies that the city has followed in the last 40 years," resident Andrea Castelli said.
"We don't want to leave the city, we are Venetian, we want to live here so we are asking the City of Venice to help us to stay in Venice," he said.
Resident Sebastian Giorgi said the city's population dropped by about 1,000 per year.
Protesters hung a banner that read "#Venexodus" on the Rialto bridge and glued signs to their trolleys that said 'Without Venetians? Don't call me Venice anymore."
As well as the congestion caused by tourists, Venetians blame short-term tourist rentals for inflating housing costs.
"Venice is a fragile city, fragile structurally and physically, but also when it comes to its social fabric," resident Federico Permutti said.
"If you add to that the lack of housing for locals and a wild proliferation of accommodation offered to tourists, you can understand that the situation is unbearable for those who live here."