Former Governor General Sir Paul Reeves says New Zealand's foreign policy over Fiji including sanctions needs a rethink.
Sir Paul told a Pacific policy conference at Auckland University that Fiji needs incentives to move to democracy, not punishment.
He says as the sanctions against Fiji are not working and don't affect the military, it's time to change the strategy.
Foreign policy must offer a range of incentives and encourage the military government to engage, he says.
Sir Paul says the interim Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama has stated he wants democracy, so he must be asked what help he needs.