Anzac Day

Monday 25 April 2016, with Colin Peacock

Monday, 25 April 2016

Not all audio is available due to copyright restrictions.

Anzac Day Dawn Service

5:40 AM.The Dawn Ceremony of Remembrance from the Pukeahu National War Memorial Park in central Wellington presented by Warwick Burke.

Māori and the New Zealand Wars

7:06 AM.New Zealand's own civil war between Māori and the settler government was waged over more than a decade and cost thousands of lives. Mihingarangi Forbes looks back at this turning point in New Zealand history with a mix of interviews, drama and music

Colonel Rob Krushka

8:10 AM.Colonel Krushka is the commander of New Zealand's Anzac commemorative contingent to Europe.

Peter Reidy on the Passchendaele Express

8:20 AM.KiwiRail CEO on the Anzac Day steam locomotive service running between Petone and Wellington. The engine was originally built by NZ Railways to remember the 447 railwaymen who lost their lives in WWI.

David Littlewood - Experience of a Lifetime

8:30 AM.'Experience of a Lifetime' examines the experiences of individuals, from high command leaders to ordinary soldiers, in WWI. Dr David Littlewood is one of three editors for the book.

Brett Killington - subterranean WWI

9:10 AM.London based Kiwi photographer who has spent a lot of time documenting the subterranean world of New Zealand First World War tunnelers on Europe's Western Front.

Remembering Fred Eru Toe

9:25 AM.One of the New Zealanders who dug tunnels by hand in the chalk under Arras was Fred Eru Toe. His grand-daughters, Sharon Kautai and Frances Eru Toe, talk about his legacy.

Neill Atkinson and Imelda Bargas - What's Anzac Day All About?

9:40 AM.Neill Atkinson, chief historian, and Imelda Bargas, senior historian, both from Manatu Taonga - Ministry for Culture and Heritage, discuss how Anzac Day has been commemorated and what it has meant over the years to veterans, their families and to parts of New Zealand society searching for national identity.

Eric Bogle - Making Peace With Songs About War

10:10 AM.Aussie singer-songwriter Eric Bogle - the man who wrote about the loss of war in songs like 'The Green Fields of France' - talks to Colin Peacock about his life, music, and thoughts about conflict. He also plays two songs for RNZ listeners this Anzac Day.

New Zealand's Chinese Anzacs - A buried history

12:30 PM.A buried history has come to light. Chinese New Zealanders who fought in places like Gallipoli during the First World War have been recognised in Wellington and finally have their moment in history.

RSA Cyril Bassett VC Speech Competition winning speech

1:00 PM.As the 2016 winner of the RSA Cyril Bassett VC Speech Competition, Stephanie Simpson of Marlborough Girls' College will be presenting that speech again at the service of remembrance on Gallipoli later today.

Anzacs rising

8:06 PM.One hundred years ago a group of New Zealand soldiers caught up in the Irish Easter Rising of 1916 had the chance to change history when one had a clear shot of the rebel leader James Connolly.

8:06 Rob Krushka - Remembering Soldiers Who Have No Grave

Colonel Rob Krushka, Contingent Commander of the NZ Defence Force currently in Europe for Anzac commemorations speaks to us from Belgium, where he is attending memorial services for soldiers killed on the Western Front during the First World War. It was on the battlefields around the river Somme during 1916 that most New Zealand soldiers were killed during the war - and thousands have no known grave.

New Zealand Engineers resting in a large shell hole at Spree Farm, Ypres Salient, Belgium, 12 October 1917.

New Zealand Engineers resting in a large shell hole at Spree Farm, Ypres Salient, Belgium, 12 October 1917. Photo: Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders. Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012935-G.

8:20 Peter Reidy - Railway Workers Fly A Flag of Comradeship

A number of places around New Zealand claim to have held the first Anzac Day service in 1916 - and one of them is  the Petone Railway Station, in the Hutt Valley. A dawn service this ANZAC day marks not only 100 years since the first Anzac commemoration, but also the centenary of an act of comradeship between Australian and New Zealand railway workers. Peter Reidy is KiwiRail chief executive.

Anzac day commemoration at Petone, on 25 April 1916. Shows a crowd, flagpole and banners next to the Petone Railway Station. Photograph taken by Albert Percy Godber.

Anzac day commemoration at Petone, on 25 April 1916. Shows a crowd, flagpole and banners next to the Petone Railway Station. Photograph taken by Albert Percy Godber. Photo: Anzac day commemoration at Petone. Godber, Albert Percy, 1875-1949 :Collection of albums, prints and negatives. Ref: APG-0589-1/2-G. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ, must be obtained before any re-use of this image

8:30 David Littlewood - Experience of a Lifetime

Over the past 100 years, a lot has been written and researched about New Zealand's role in the First World War. Yet, according to Dr David Littlewood of Massey University, our understanding of this country's role in the conflict is deeply flawed. From romanticising heroic soldiers to demonising their commanders, he says we have surveyed the war from our present-day standpoint, rather than from the perspective of the people around at the time. David Littlewood is an editor of a new book, Experience of a Lifetime: People, Personalities and Leaders in the First World War, published by Massey University Press.

James Watson & David Littlewood (right), editors of 'Experience of a Lifetime'

James Watson & David Littlewood (right), editors of 'Experience of a Lifetime' Photo: Supplied

9:05 Brett Killington - Low Light in the Arras tunnels

One hundred years ago under the Western Front, men from the New Zealand Tunnelling Company grafted with just picks and shovels to build an underground city and highway from Arras in France, which snaked under the German front line. The tunnels housed thousands of troops who emerged into the German trenches when explosions from under the ground made exits to the land above. Brett Killington is a Kiwi now based in London - he's a photographer who has spent a lot of time in this subterranean world, exploring the work and art of the New Zealand diggers. Some of his images are in the gallery below and feature in a new sound and light show at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park in Wellington.

9:25 Sharon Kautai and Frances Erutoe - Talking About the War

Sharon Kautai and Frances Erutoe

Sharon Kautai and Frances Erutoe Photo: RNZ

Fred Eru Toe was 21 when he enlisted into the Maori Pioneer Battalion and left Hokianga for the Western Front in 1916. He was attached to the New Zealand Tunnelling Company and worked on the Arras Tunnels. Fred's granddaughters, Sharon and Frances, were unaware of his war service until they found out by accident a couple of years ago. "Dad had no idea - it's been a big learning curve for the family," says Sharon. 

9:40 Neill Atkinson and Imelda Bargas - What's Anzac Day All About?

First Anniversary of Anzac Day, Dunedin Municipal Chambers, 25 April 1916.

First Anniversary of Anzac Day, Dunedin Municipal Chambers, 25 April 1916. Photo: Dunedin City Council Archives photo 210. Photographer: EA Phillips.

2016 - the centenary of the first Anzac Day - 100 years since New Zealand and other countries first marked the ill-fated Gallipoli landings. Neill Atkinson, chief historian, and Imelda Bargas, senior historian, both from Manatu Taonga - Ministry for Culture and Heritage, discuss how Anzac Day has been commemorated and what it has meant over the years to veterans, their families and to parts of New Zealand society searching for national identity.

10:00 Anzac Remembrance

10:07 Eric Bogle - Making Peace With Songs About War

Aussie singer-songwriter Eric Bogle – the man who wrote about the loss of war in songs like 'The Green Fields of France' – talks to Colin Peacock about his life, music, and thoughts about conflict. He describes the intense and emotional experience of playing his song 'And The Band Played Waltzing Matilda' in a memorial service in Turkey last year, and sings it, and one other, for RNZ listeners this AnzacDay. 

Eric Bogle

Eric Bogle Photo: Supplied