25 Sep 2014

Research publishers costing taxpayers

11:48 am on 25 September 2014

Research organisations spent more than $55 million in a single year on subscriptions to academic journals, figures obtained by Radio New Zealand show.

Auckland University alone spent $14.8 million in 2013, while Crown Research Institutes such as NIWA and GNS Science spent more than $500,000 each, on average.

auckland university sign

Auckland University spent $14.8 million on subscriptions to academic journals last year. Photo: PHOTO NZ

Universities and research institutes say they have no choice but to subscribe so their researchers can stay up-to-date with the latest knowledge.

Universities New Zealand executive director Chris Whelan said prices go up every year and the journals' publishers use sales tactics he described as "extortionate".

"You've got a small number of publishers who have over time built up in some cases thousands of journals and the licencing relationships are 'take all or take none of them'. So the ability to subscribe to the one or two journals a university needs for its teaching research is being undermined."

Mr Whelan said another frustration is that publishers benefit from what is essentially free labour. The researchers, funded through student fees or the taxpayer, hand over their work to the journals for free and the work is reviewed by other academics - who are also unpaid.

"They may receive a small amount, a sort of ongoing royalty, but ultimately it's the publisher that makes the majority of the money and they don't do a lot more than format and simply publish" he said.

It might be expected that the transfer from paper to digital would make subscriptions cheaper, but the library services manager at GNS Science, Maggie Dyer, said that is not the case.

"The public has got no idea. They think the data can be free when it's not. We're actually paying big money for it."

In the last decade there have been moves against the big publishers. The United Kingdom now requires all publicly funded research to be made available for free in open access journals.

A researcher at Auckland University of Technology, Fabiana Kubke, would like to see the New Zealand Government do the same thing.

"Especially with the National Science Challenges which were born from the public, it would be a shame if the public didn't have access to whatever comes out of that in terms of research."

The Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment's manager of science and innovation systems, Richard Walley, said that is not on the cards just yet.

"At this point in time MBIE encourages but does not mandate the use of open access publication for research it funds. MBIE is aware that this is an emerging issue for the global research community and is monitoring the developments in this area," he said.

Costs

Expenditure on academic journal subscriptions in 2013 (includes hard copy and access to databases)

Universities 2013 expenditure
AUT $4,587,481
Lincoln University $1,298,980
Massey University $6,298,204
Auckland University $14,793,574
Canterbury University $5,100,317
Otago University $8,423,686
Waikato University $4,086,642
Victoria University $6,551,986
Crown Research Institutes 2013 expenditure
Plant and Food $649,170
SCION $497,000
GNS Science $430,000
AgResearch $1,055,638
NIWA $544,763
Landcare Research $450,000
ESR $116,861
Callaghan Innovation $472,000