Cyclist Cadel Evans, the first Australian to win the Tour de France, is among those awarded Queen's Birthday accolades on Monday.
This year's honours list includes Australians from all walks of life - from legal, academic and political offices to sporting fields and arts stages.
Author Jill Ker Conway was recognised with Companion in the Order of Australia.
The ABC reports others on the honour roll include jurist and academic James Richard Crawford, health advocate Gabi Hollows, Bruce and Denise Morcombe and racing champion Casey Stoner.
Evans, 36, was honoured with the Member of the Order of Australiafor his service to cycling and to the community.
He began his career as a champion mountain biker, shifted his focus to road racing in 1994 and won the yellow Tour jersey in 2011.
Professor Conway, 78, received the AC for eminent service to the community, particularly women, as an author and academic.
She has written over 20 books and articles on a range of topics including women's work and feminism, and is perhaps best known for her best-selling memoir The Road from Coorain.
Published in 1989, it spent over a year on the New York Times bestseller list.
The book follows her journey from being a sheep ranchers daughter in Hillston, NSW, to the presidency of Smith College in the United States.
Professor Conway has been granted honorary degrees from 35 universities worldwide, including Sydney University.
Professor Crawford, 64, was also honoured with an AC for his contributions to international and constitutional legal practice, reform and arbitration.
He was the first Australian member of the United Nations International Law Commission and was responsible for its work on the International Criminal Court.
He has appeared in more than 40 cases before the International Court of Justice and other international tribunals.
Gabi Hollows, 60, the widow of eye surgeon Fred Hollows, received the Officer of the Order of Australia for her work an advocate for the eradication of blindness.
In 1992 she helped her late husband set up The Fred Hollows Foundation, which works to give the gift of sight to the poor.
Two-time MotoGP world champion Stoner received an AM for significant service to motorcycle racing.
Stoner, now 27, won 41 Australian dirt and long track titles and over 70 state titles between the ages of six and 14.
Stoner won the MotoGP twice - in 2011 and 2007.