25 Apr 2015

Anzac Cove: 100 years on

3:21 pm on 25 April 2015

10,000 New Zealanders and Australians gathered at the dawn service at Gallipoli.

Thousands of Australians and New Zealanders begin to fill the ANZAC Commemorative Site hours before the start of the ANZAC Centenary Dawn Service at Gallipoli

Thousands of Australians and New Zealanders begin to fill the ANZAC Commemorative Site hours before the start of the ANZAC Centenary Dawn Service at Gallipoli Photo: AAP

Crowds gather at Gallipoli

Crowds gather at Gallipoli Photo: RNZ / Kim Baker Wilson

Radio New Zealand reporter Andrew McRae, at Gallipoli, said the crowds had to make their way through tight security including metal detectors and ID checks.

They then had to walk three kilometres to the site of the service, and spend a cold night waiting for the dawn.

The service got under way at 2.30pm (NZDT), 5.30am in Turkey.

Boatload of New Zealand soldiers heading for Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli, Turkey

Boatload of New Zealand soldiers heading for Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli, Turkey. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library Ref: PAColl-0914-1-12-2.

Landing craft moored at a pontoon with other small vessels in the background and soldiers gathered on the beach.

Landing craft moored at a pontoon with other small vessels in the background and soldiers gathered on the beach. Anzac Cove, 25th April 1915. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library / Ref: 1/4-018065

Anzac Commemorative Site opens to the public

Paulette and Mathew Johnston were the first New Zealanders into the Anzac Commemorative Site ahead of the service:

Commemorations started in Turkey with an international ceremony at Gallipoli's Cape Helles and a memorial held in the seaport town of Canakkale.

Speaking in Canakkale, Turkish president Recep Ayyip Erdogan raised the way people from both sides of the conflict had come together to commemorate the events:

"On the issue of turning shared pains into the tools of friendship, peace and love, not generating new animosities, I want Cannakale to be an example for all nations," he said.

"Here is the solution to terrorism, xenophobia and any movement based on hatred."

Prince Charles, third left, and Prince Harry, centre, at Cape Helles, Gallipoli.

Prince Charles, third left, and Prince Harry, centre, at Cape Helles, Gallipoli. Photo: AFP

Tribute was paid to the thousands of British soldiers who died at Gallipoli in the ceremony on Cape Helles, at the westernmost tip of the peninsula.

Cape Helles was the focal point of the assaults by British troops while Australian and New Zealand soldiers launched their initial attacks at what is now called Anzac Cove, to the north.

Prince Charles and Prince Harry both laid wreaths and Prince Harry, who serves with the British Army, read a poem by Alan Herbert, a British soldier who fought in Gallipoli in 1915 and was then evacuated wounded back home.

Prince Charles told the crowd the countless letters and diaries from soldiers at Gallipoli were a reminder that the battles were fought and endured by ordinary people called upon to do extraordinary tasks.

"I'm always struck by the accounts of departing soldiers that often speak of smiles, cheers and waving caps - when we can only think that, deeper down, there lurked dark and foreboding fears that would be realised all too often and all too soon."

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key and Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott also laid wreaths.

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key attends a memorial service marking the 100th anniversary of the start of the Battle of Gallipoli

Prime Minister John Key toured battle sites and attended memorial services in Turkey on Friday. Photo: AFP

Evacuation of the wounded from ANZAC Cove in Gallipoli by boat.

Evacuation of the wounded from Anzac Cove. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library Ref: 1/4-008784-F

Gallipoli dawn service events

The service starts at 5.30am (local time):

  • Introduction - Major General Mark Kelly Master of Ceremonies
  • Catafalque Party is Mounted - Members of Australia's Federation Guard and the New Zealand Defence Force
  • Call to Remembrance - Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC (Australian Chief of Defence)
  • Address - Prime Minister John Key, New Zealand
  • Quotation by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - Spoken by Turkish Army Officers
  • Hymn: God of our Fathers
  • Address - Prime Minister Tony Abbott, Australia
  • Reading - HRH Prince Charles of Wales
  • Prayer of Remembrance - Monsignor Glynn Murphy (ADF)
  • The Lord's Prayer - Chaplain Lance Lukin (NZDF)
  • Official Wreathlaying - Official Representatives
  • Ode of Remembrance - Lieutenant General Tim Keating (New Zealand Chief of Defence)
  • Last Post
  • One Minute Silence
  • Reveille
  • National Anthems
  • The Final Blessing - Monsignor Glynn Murphy (ADF)
 A landing party approaching the shore at Gallipoli.

A landing party approaching the shore at Gallipoli. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library Ref: PA1-o-471-20-2.

Two ANZAC soldiers in a dug-out on Canterbury Slopes, Gallipoli, Turkey. The men are Lance Corporals D M Watson and G Davison.

Two ANZAC soldiers in a dug-out on the Canterbury Slopes, Gallipoli, Turkey. The men are Lance Corporals D M Watson and G Davison. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library / Ref: PAColl-1661-1-1-1

New Zealand soldiers, Gallipoli, Turkey.  The group includes Geoff Barnett, James Hutcheson, and Bucket Bell. Hutchison, James D :NZEF at Auckland, en route to Middle East, and at Gallipoli.

New Zealand soldiers, Gallipoli, Turkey. The group includes Geoff Barnett, James Hutcheson, and Bucket Bell. Photo: Alexander Turnbull Library Ref: PA1-o-573-27-2.