India and Pakistan have begun their first official talks since the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
The BBC reports the meeting is not expected to lead to an immediate breakthrough but may help thaw relations.
Any progress made by their foreign secretaries may also help Western efforts to stabilise Afghanistan.
The two countries have to agree which subjects to cover in the talks, in New Delhi.
India wants to focus on terrorism while Pakistan is looking to the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, which has been the cause of two of their three wars.
Afterwards, Indian Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao did not say if another round of talks was planned.
Mrs Rao said India had approached the talks with "open minds, fully conscious of the trust deficit between the two countries".